Documentation / driver-api / mei / mei-client-bus.rst


Based on kernel version 6.7. Page generated on 2024-01-11 08:51 EST.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168
.. SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0

==============================================
Intel(R) Management Engine (ME) Client bus API
==============================================


Rationale
=========

The MEI character device is useful for dedicated applications to send and receive
data to the many FW appliance found in Intel's ME from the user space.
However, for some of the ME functionalities it makes sense to leverage existing software
stack and expose them through existing kernel subsystems.

In order to plug seamlessly into the kernel device driver model we add kernel virtual
bus abstraction on top of the MEI driver. This allows implementing Linux kernel drivers
for the various MEI features as a stand alone entities found in their respective subsystem.
Existing device drivers can even potentially be re-used by adding an MEI CL bus layer to
the existing code.


MEI CL bus API
==============

A driver implementation for an MEI Client is very similar to any other existing bus
based device drivers. The driver registers itself as an MEI CL bus driver through
the ``struct mei_cl_driver`` structure defined in :file:`include/linux/mei_cl_bus.c`

.. code-block:: C

        struct mei_cl_driver {
                struct device_driver driver;
                const char *name;

                const struct mei_cl_device_id *id_table;

                int (*probe)(struct mei_cl_device *dev, const struct mei_cl_id *id);
                int (*remove)(struct mei_cl_device *dev);
        };



The mei_cl_device_id structure defined in :file:`include/linux/mod_devicetable.h` allows a
driver to bind itself against a device name.

.. code-block:: C

        struct mei_cl_device_id {
                char name[MEI_CL_NAME_SIZE];
                uuid_le uuid;
                __u8    version;
                kernel_ulong_t driver_info;
        };

To actually register a driver on the ME Client bus one must call the :c:func:`mei_cl_add_driver`
API. This is typically called at module initialization time.

Once the driver is registered and bound to the device, a driver will typically
try to do some I/O on this bus and this should be done through the :c:func:`mei_cl_send`
and :c:func:`mei_cl_recv` functions. More detailed information is in :ref:`api` section.

In order for a driver to be notified about pending traffic or event, the driver
should register a callback via :c:func:`mei_cl_devev_register_rx_cb` and
:c:func:`mei_cldev_register_notify_cb` function respectively.

.. _api:

API:
----
.. kernel-doc:: drivers/misc/mei/bus.c
    :export: drivers/misc/mei/bus.c



Example
=======

As a theoretical example let's pretend the ME comes with a "contact" NFC IP.
The driver init and exit routines for this device would look like:

.. code-block:: C

        #define CONTACT_DRIVER_NAME "contact"

        static struct mei_cl_device_id contact_mei_cl_tbl[] = {
                { CONTACT_DRIVER_NAME, },

                /* required last entry */
                { }
        };
        MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(mei_cl, contact_mei_cl_tbl);

        static struct mei_cl_driver contact_driver = {
                .id_table = contact_mei_tbl,
                .name = CONTACT_DRIVER_NAME,

                .probe = contact_probe,
                .remove = contact_remove,
        };

        static int contact_init(void)
        {
                int r;

                r = mei_cl_driver_register(&contact_driver);
                if (r) {
                        pr_err(CONTACT_DRIVER_NAME ": driver registration failed\n");
                        return r;
                }

                return 0;
        }

        static void __exit contact_exit(void)
        {
                mei_cl_driver_unregister(&contact_driver);
        }

        module_init(contact_init);
        module_exit(contact_exit);

And the driver's simplified probe routine would look like that:

.. code-block:: C

        int contact_probe(struct mei_cl_device *dev, struct mei_cl_device_id *id)
        {
                [...]
                mei_cldev_enable(dev);

                mei_cldev_register_rx_cb(dev, contact_rx_cb);

                return 0;
        }

In the probe routine the driver first enable the MEI device and then registers
an rx handler which is as close as it can get to registering a threaded IRQ handler.
The handler implementation will typically call :c:func:`mei_cldev_recv` and then
process received data.

.. code-block:: C

        #define MAX_PAYLOAD 128
        #define HDR_SIZE 4
        static void conntact_rx_cb(struct mei_cl_device *cldev)
        {
                struct contact *c = mei_cldev_get_drvdata(cldev);
                unsigned char payload[MAX_PAYLOAD];
                ssize_t payload_sz;

                payload_sz = mei_cldev_recv(cldev, payload,  MAX_PAYLOAD)
                if (reply_size < HDR_SIZE) {
                        return;
                }

                c->process_rx(payload);

        }

MEI Client Bus Drivers
======================

.. toctree::
   :maxdepth: 2

   hdcp
   nfc