Documentation / i2c / muxes


Based on kernel version 5.17. Page generated on 2022-03-28 08:42 EST.

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==========================
Kernel driver i2c-mux-gpio
==========================

Author: Peter Korsgaard <peter.korsgaard@barco.com>

Description
-----------

i2c-mux-gpio is an i2c mux driver providing access to I2C bus segments
from a master I2C bus and a hardware MUX controlled through GPIO pins.

E.G.::

  ----------              ----------  Bus segment 1   - - - - -
 |          | SCL/SDA    |          |-------------- |           |
 |          |------------|          |
 |          |            |          | Bus segment 2 |           |
 |  Linux   | GPIO 1..N  |   MUX    |---------------   Devices
 |          |------------|          |               |           |
 |          |            |          | Bus segment M
 |          |            |          |---------------|           |
  ----------              ----------                  - - - - -

SCL/SDA of the master I2C bus is multiplexed to bus segment 1..M
according to the settings of the GPIO pins 1..N.

Usage
-----

i2c-mux-gpio uses the platform bus, so you need to provide a struct
platform_device with the platform_data pointing to a struct
i2c_mux_gpio_platform_data with the I2C adapter number of the master
bus, the number of bus segments to create and the GPIO pins used
to control it. See include/linux/platform_data/i2c-mux-gpio.h for details.

E.G. something like this for a MUX providing 4 bus segments
controlled through 3 GPIO pins::

  #include <linux/platform_data/i2c-mux-gpio.h>
  #include <linux/platform_device.h>

  static const unsigned myboard_gpiomux_gpios[] = {
	AT91_PIN_PC26, AT91_PIN_PC25, AT91_PIN_PC24
  };

  static const unsigned myboard_gpiomux_values[] = {
	0, 1, 2, 3
  };

  static struct i2c_mux_gpio_platform_data myboard_i2cmux_data = {
	.parent		= 1,
	.base_nr	= 2, /* optional */
	.values		= myboard_gpiomux_values,
	.n_values	= ARRAY_SIZE(myboard_gpiomux_values),
	.gpios		= myboard_gpiomux_gpios,
	.n_gpios	= ARRAY_SIZE(myboard_gpiomux_gpios),
	.idle		= 4, /* optional */
  };

  static struct platform_device myboard_i2cmux = {
	.name		= "i2c-mux-gpio",
	.id		= 0,
	.dev		= {
		.platform_data	= &myboard_i2cmux_data,
	},
  };

If you don't know the absolute GPIO pin numbers at registration time,
you can instead provide a chip name (.chip_name) and relative GPIO pin
numbers, and the i2c-mux-gpio driver will do the work for you,
including deferred probing if the GPIO chip isn't immediately
available.

Device Registration
-------------------

When registering your i2c-mux-gpio device, you should pass the number
of any GPIO pin it uses as the device ID. This guarantees that every
instance has a different ID.

Alternatively, if you don't need a stable device name, you can simply
pass PLATFORM_DEVID_AUTO as the device ID, and the platform core will
assign a dynamic ID to your device. If you do not know the absolute
GPIO pin numbers at registration time, this is even the only option.